Crossed the two wooden doors you enter the first room of the museum, dedicated to the methods of technologies of coastal protection take over the course of centuries particularly from the people living in the southern lagoon of Venice.
A series of panels gives a general view of the change of the environment in the course of century. They draw the attentions to the four major changes of the coast, showing from when the sea was five kilometres away from Adria till today’s coastal area of the northern Adriatic Sea
A model stratigraphic, that ranges from Chioggia / Sottomarina Codevigo, describes the current situation of the land.
Some scale models describe the technologies used by man in order to facilitate their work and to protection against tides and some pile dwellings. In the left two models located in the middle of the room came to attention: the first is a pile dwelling ,the second shows an hydraulic system, channelling the water in a 25 metres wooden canal to a pond probably used for breeding lobster.
This systems was found in an excavation near by Cavanella d'Adige.
You can see tools, for hydraulic construction and a scale models that shows Romans streets were constructed. It is the way to maintain the connection with the second room dedicated to trade in Roman times. On the left wall the “ Tabula Peutingeriana “, a cartography of the 4 Century d.C , which illustrate all streets and resting places in the northeast in the roman period.
The Hall of amphorae
In the end of the floor there is a little room in which are contained amphorae. Underwater Diving Club has found these findings in the sea between Malamocco and Sottomarina from San Marco in Venice and some fishermen of Chioggia.
You can see different types of amphorae, from the oldest ("Greek-Italic" of the third century a C.), As the first Roman Empire (I-II AD) to those of the late empire (V-VI century AD).
A graphic panel shows the original appearance of each amphorae and the main features (time of use, place of origin, foodstuff transported). Most of these amphorae, here exposed, were used to trade wine in central-southern Tyrrhenian, Adriatic, Greece, the Middle East (Palestine).
The informative panels placed in the middle of the room explaining their historical and commercial value as historical indispensable document for the study and reconstruction of the markets, the routes, the preferences of buyers, the interests of traders. Each container had stamps that indicated the importance of their trade. The panels placed on the central divider, illustrate their production and which food were mostly traded: olive oil, fish sauce and wine. The type of amphora identified the region of origin. This peculiarity was allowed to recognize the content in. Fish sauces were the new commercial Roman food and it was the seasonings of fish, which was left to soak in sea salt and herbs for a month as we use today in the Far East or Mexico.
The first filtrate, the best and the most expensive, was called garum.
The last remnant had the consistency of our anchovy paste.
In the middle of this room two showcases are located: the first contains roman coins showing the date and emperor. The second contains a bronze lever scale belonging to the equipment of a boat from the first century AD, found by a fisherman from Chioggia in the Adriatic Sea.
Curious is the price list exposed with the coins: the cost for a prostitute was two “assi” just like the hay for the donkey.
In the right of the second room on the partition wall there is a map of the Mediterranean Sea, showing the courses, the currents, the exports of the regions, wind and distances in miles from one harbour to the other. Nevertheless the main emphasis is on the northern Adriatic Sea.
Nevertheless the main emphasis is on the northern Adriatic Sea
Always on the right you can see a reconstruction of a roman anchor. Next to it there are original pieces like the anchor stock.
On the front wall there is a reconstruction of a cross-section of a roman cargo-boat with amphorae below deck: a highly precise work permitting to a ship with an average tonnage, to transport up to three thousand amphorae.
Over the cross-section, besides the draw of the roman ship, there is shown the navigation systems, how much knots of speed it could do and how such a ship was used.
The Bebe Tower
The exhibition entitled “La torre delle Bebe. Frammenti di vita del Medioevo” ( The Bebe Tower. Fragments of Medieval life) which was inaugurated in the spring of 2005 and is now a permanent collection, inside the showcases we find various objects like pottery, coins, clothing accessories like buckles and belts and other interesting findings. This exhibition is meant as an impetus for local historians to reconsider certain pages on the history of Medieval Clugia.
At the end of the ground floor there is the reproduction of an Astrarium designed by Giovanni Dondi. The “Group Astrario” completed the reproduction in 2003. This extraordinary object wants to prove the theory of Dondi-Ptolemaic astronomy with the mechanical reproduction of the planets motions.
The Medieval thank
The visit to the medieval cistern has become part of the museum from June 11, 2014.
The medieval site, which has remained intact over the centuries and archaeologically investigated in 1995 and it is back to being open visitable by the public June 11 2014, after resetting of the site.
The convent, even if equipped with a traditional Venetian well placed in the cloister, recoverd water throgh its cistern.
The tank has a rectangular plan and it is covered by two barrel vaults joined by a little wall. The inside of the tank has a niche on the west wall, nstead its depth is still unknown.
Climbing the stairs leading to the first floor of the museum there is a showcase that contains some objects connected with the coat of the city arms of Chioggia.
We find inside the Banner of the city and the drawings made by prof. Aristide Naccari which rappresent the coats of arms of the city and, on the left, the types of the banners. The banner displayed does not match the correct heraldic coat of arms of Chioggia but in 1979, Girogio Aldrighetti, the most historic of Heraldry, discovered that the emblem of Chioggia was not a golden lion on a silver background like the one depicted on the banner but a red lion on a silver background. In the drawings of prof. Aristide Naccari are represented the arms of the city of Chioggia from 1332 until 1845, where you can see how the lion is red on silver and the changes from year to year.